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中考的总复习英语

时间:2021-05-04 10:52:43

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中考的总复习英语1

动词不定式

( 1)作主语

To learn a foreign language is not easy.

It is not easy to learn a foreign language.

( 2)作宾语

They began to read.

( 3)作宾语补足语

Jim asked me to help him with his lessons.

We often heard her sing.

( 4)作定语

I have an important meeting to attend.

( 5)作状语

She went to see her grandma yesterday.

( 6)用在how, when, where, what, which等之后

I don’t know how to use a computer.

Do you know when to start?

He didn’t know what to do next.

句子种类

(1)陈述句 ( 肯定式和否定式)

(2)疑问句 ( 一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句、反意疑问句)

(3)祈使句 ( 肯定式和否定式)

(4)感叹句

句子成份

1)主语

Betty likes her new bike.

He gets up early every day.

To learn a foreign language is not easy.

2)谓语

We work hard.

The boy caught a bird.

He is my brother.

They all look fine.

3)表语

Her sister is a nurse.

It’s me. I’m ready.

He got angry.

We were at home last night.

His cup is broken.

4)宾语

Tom bought a story-book.

I saw him yesterday.

He wanted to have a cup of tea.

5)直接宾语和间接宾语

He gave me some ink.

Our teacher told us an interesting story.

6)宾语补足语

Call her Xiao Li.

You must keep the room clean.

John asked me to help him.

7)定语

This is a green jeep.

This is an apple tree.

Are these students your classmates?

Winter is the coldest season of the year.

I have something to tell you.

8)状语

You are quite right.

She will arrive in Beijing on Monday.

He stopped to have a look.

简单句的五种基本句型

第一种 主语+连系动词+表语 ( S+V+P)

The bike is new.

The map is on the wall.

第二种 主语+不及物动词 ( S+V)

He swims.

第三种 主语+及物动词+宾语 ( S+V+O)

Children often sing this song.

第四种 主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语 ( S+V+IO+DO)

She showed her friends all her pictures.

第五种 主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语 ( S+V+O+C)

We keep our classroom clean and tidy.

并列句

He likes maths, but he needs help.

I help him and he helps me.

1.复合句

宾语从句

He said ( that) he felt sick.

I don’t know whether ( if) she still works in the factory. I take back what I said.

I can’t tell who is there.

Can you tell me where the Summer Palace is?

状语从句

The train had left when I got to the station.

I’ll go with you to the cinema this afternoon if I’m free.

The students went to the farm because the farmers needed some help. The earth is bigger than the moon.He was so tired that he couldn’t walk on.

定语从句

Find the girl who is wearing a red skirt.

Show me the picture that you like best.

中考的总复习英语2

1. which引导的非限定性定语从句来说明前面整个句子的情况或主句的某一部分

2. 在引导限定性定语从句时,that有时相当于in which, at which, for which或at which

Attitudes towards daydreaming are changing in much the same way that(in which) attitudes towards night dreaming have changed. 人们对白日做梦的态度正在改变,这与人们对夜间做梦的看法的变化有非常相似之处。

I like the music for the very reason that(for which) he dislike it. 我出于某种原因喜欢这种音乐,而他恰恰与我相反。

We arrived the day that(on which) they left. 刚好我们到的那天他们走了。

3. 有时as也可用作关系代词

4. 在非限定性定语从句中,不能用that,而用who, whom代表人,用which代表事物。

中考的总复习英语3

地名与冠词

1.概述

大多数地名不用冠词,但也有很多的地名必须要加上冠词,这与地名的构成有关,也与习惯有关。

2.用法指南

1.自然界中的一些地理名称大多要加the,例如:河流、湖泊、运河、海洋、海峡、沙漠、山脉。

河流:the Yellow River黄河the Nile尼罗河

湖泊:the West Lake西湖the Great Lakes五大湖

运河:the Panama Canal巴拿马运河

海洋:the Pacific太平洋the Atlantic大西洋

海峡:the English Channel英吉利海峡

沙漠:the Sahara撒哈拉大沙漠

山脉:the Rocky Mountains洛基山脉

2.只有一个词的国家名,一般不加冠词。

China中国France法国Russia俄罗斯Brazil巴西

3.由普通名词构成,或含有普通名词的国名或地名前须加the.

the United Kingdom联合王国

the United States美国

the People’s Republic of China中华人民共和国

the United Nations联合国

the Summer Palace颐和园

the Great Wall长城

the Temple of Heaven天坛

考点拾遗之十  时间与冠词

1.一周中的七天,一年中的月份不用冠词。

We have Mr. Lee’s class on Wednesday.

我们周三有李先生的课。

Christmas Day is on 25th of December.

圣诞节是12月25日。

2.节日不用加冠词。

Easter复活节National Day国庆节

但如果节日中有festival,通常须加上冠词。

the Spring Festival春节

3.四季名称可加the,也可以不加the,但是在in the fall中的the不能省略。

Spring/The spring comes earlier this year.

春天今年来得早一些。

4.last+表示时间的名词不加冠词。

last Wednesday上个星期三last week上周last month上个月

last year去年last century上个世纪

5.下列表示时间的词与介词at连用时不加冠词。

at noon在正午at night在夜里at midnight在午夜

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